Geography. Location. Situated at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, Georgia is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Covers a territory of 69,700 sq.km. The length of the border is 1771 km. The main relief is mountain .Nature diverse: from subtropical to eternal snow of Caucasus .The highest point is Shkhara Mountain (5068 m). the lowest -Black Sea coast.
Religion and culture. Georgia is one of the oldest Christian Country in the world.
Until to the III century AD in Georgia dominated idolatry. Among the objects of worship were the idols of Shatan, Ham,Bichi. Start of spreading the ideas of Christianity is connected with the activity of the Holy Apostle Andrei (1 century AD).By lot, thrown disciples of Jesus Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary was called to preach the Word of God in Georgia . Jesus appeared to the Virgin Mary, 'I do not leave your people without the participation of the heavenly blessing ... your image transmitted to the Apostle Andrew, and will replace you and guard your people for ever.'
At the beginning of IV century, during the reign of King Mirian and Queen Nana, in Georgia comes St. Nina Equal of the Apostles with the ideas of spreading the Christianity . Through the efforts of Saint Nino, , Christianity not only took root in Georgia, but was declared as the state religion in 337.In the period of Saint Nina activity in Mtskheta was built the first wooden church on the rock in front of the miraculous wooden cross, a place of worship of many pilgrims.
In the VI century 13 Assyrian Fathers arrived in Georgia from Syria . Among them are John Zedazeneli, David Garedzheli, Ioseb Alaverdeli, Shio Mgvimeli. Were founded monasteries and churches that contributed to the spread CHRISTIANITY.
In Georgia, many Christian shrines is kept : the Crist Mantle , the tomb of St. Nina, Cross of Saint Nino from the vines, woven with hair belonging to St.Nino. On the territory of the Monastery Samtavro in Mtskheta there is 'blackberry bush, where St. Nina prayed. More than 17 centuries have passed since that time , but nobody, not a conqueror and destroyer of Georgia, was able to cut and destroy the holy bush which is now a flowering plant known for its curative and miraculous effects.
For Georgians from time immemorial the concept of 'mother', 'woman' is the most respected .In old district of Tbilisi at the height, visible from any point in town is a monument to the woman. This is 'Mother of Georgia.' Cup in his hand symbolizes the well-known Georgian hospitality, the guest will be offered a cup of wine, and Sword, 'which came with the sword shall perish by the sword' defend the homeland from the enemy.
Guest in Georgia is sent by God. Traditions of hospitality approved in Georgia is so strong that according to the legend, master of the house in the hurricane night took the guest who asked him for overnight, although recognized him as the murderer of his son, and when in the morning others demanded punishment, even defended his guest . Guest is untouchable. Guests are of God.
Tbilisi- the town of hospitality, love and light - dozen times was destroyed by enemy hordes and revived again from the ruin. Today Tbilisi is a cosmopolitan city with many religious confessions, where side by side with Orthodox Christians live Muslims, Armenians-Gregorian’s , Catholics and Jews.
History. History of Georgia is the story of a small state, where lived, and lives a freedom-loving, courageous, resolute spirit of brave people. History has preserved to us many examples of historical heroism. Georgian generals stopped promoting outnumber the enemy hordes and destroy them. Boundless love for the motherland and Christianity saved and is saving Georgia.
An example of bravery and military art is the Battle around Didgory. which was won by the King David Agmashenebeli In 1121, exceeding in number the enemy army was defeated, the Ottoman commander fled.
In 1226 under the leadership of Celal Bloody arranged the hell in Tbilisi, killing the children, and under the moans of dying children and going crazy mothers having fun with his friends. Mtkvari river water was red with the blood of 100 000 Christians refusing to violate the holy icons and to go through the icons putting at the Methehi bridge. Georgian church recognized the victims as a Saints and every year celebrates the day of dead in the massacre Christians.
Visiting Tbilisi, you can go to the places where these events were experienced by our ancestors centuries ago, raging passions and create stories.
During the reign of Queen Tamar of Georgia was the strongest and most enlightened Christian nation among the Muslim neighborhood . The Queen itself leading the troops and always with triumphant return. At the range of the XII-XIII centuries, Georgia has experienced a 'Golden Age'.
1368 - 1403 Georgia was invaded by Timur Leng from Central Asia. Destructing and destroying everything on his way, the lame Iron Man, has brought chaos and devastation in Georgia, destroying monasteries and churches. It is known that in one of these attacks on Georgia, particularly brutal, Temur Leng ordered to establish a giant platform on stacked children and among groans of the dying children continued to feast. After 17 years of bloody raids and never being able to conquer Georgia, Temur Leng leaves the idea of subordination of Georgia, concludes to go away from Georgia, tired, stunned by the will and steadiness of Georgia.
Known in the history is battle of Georgia's 300 Aragvi warriors. In 1795 during the invasion of the Persian Mahmad Aga Khan, on the outskirts of Tbilisi, Krtsanisi. 300 freedom-loving and brave warriors descended from their mountain lands to provide security and to conceal the king of Georgia Irakli II, across the river Aragvi. Nice warriors joined the battle. Their motto is: death or victory with honor. Himself the leader of the enemy troops Aga Khan was crushed with Georgians courageous resistance. There is his well known phrase: 'Warrior from the youth, spent his whole life in military battles, but never before have I found such brave warriors' .300 Aragvi warriors were killed in battle, but always remained in memory of Georgia.
Agriculture. Georgia is traditionally an agricultural country, favorable climatic conditions - the basis of viticulture and livestock. The great place where you can see the technology and tradition of wine making. From world famous 2 000 varieties of grapes cultivated in Georgia, about 500, produced more than 60 wines priced with international certificates and medals.
Georgian cuisine and traditions of the feast, which not only persist in Georgia, but also found spread abroad. Wheat and corn from ancient times was cultivated in Georgia. Dishes from meat and fish, seasoning of dried herbs, walnut sauce, and of course the traditional Georgian vine. Feast impossible without Toastmasters, which manages and organizes the ceremonies, where participants take turns eating exchanging ideas and speeches suggested by toastmaster. Among the traditional toast: toast for the health of guest, a woman-mother, friendship, courage, hospitality, in memory of ancestors, as well as in the glory of the Lord. Especially common toast for the health of His Holiness and Beatitude the Patriarch of All Georgia Ilia II, famous for the tireless activities for the benefit of Georgia.